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After a deadly shooting incident in which three palestinians and two Israeli officers are killed, Israel shuts down al-Aqsa Mosque compound and cancels Friday prayers for the first time since 1969.
Since the incident, Israel installed metal detectors and security cameras at entry points to the Muslim-administered al-Aqsa Mosque before reopening the site, but al-Aqsa officials reject the new measures and refuse to pray there.
Under the promises made in the Balfour Declaration, Britain was already committed to facilitate the founding of a homeland for the Jewish people in Palestine and began granting land to the Zionist movement to build settlements.
There were vigorous attempts by the Israelis to shut down the al-Aqsa Mosque compound.
The mosque is also home to the Black Stone, set into the Ka'aba's wall by Muhammad before his first revelation, and the Maqām Ibrahim (Abraham's place of standing).
The al-Aqsa Mosque compound is in the Old City of Jerusalem, surrounded by a stone wall on all four sides.
The site has been a centre of tension and attacks ever since.
More recently, confrontations between Palestinians and Israeli forces in the compound, sparked in part by incursions by Israeli organisations, have led to wider clashes and an escalation in violence in both Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories.It examines the treatment of Palestinians at the mosque compound and proposals by Israeli politicians to divide the site, despite the fact that the Israeli government repeatedly insists it does not want fundamental changes there.The government is also now accused of funding groups which support major changes as to who can pray at the site.In June 28 2016, Palestinian protests erupted after visits by Jewish settler groups to the al-Aqsa Mosque during the holy month of Ramadan, contrary to tradition.
Then on 14 July 2017, two Israeli policemen were shot dead by three Palestinian gunmen near al-Aqsa compound.
Many of the mosque's most important features, including a pulpit dating back to the 12October 8, 1990, 20 Palestinians were killed, according to UN figures, in what's known as the al-Aqsa Massacre.